Test development and use in five Iberian Latin American countries

Solange M. Wechsler, Thomas Oakland, Carmem León, Eleonora Vivas, Leandro de Almeida, Amanda Franco, María Pérez‐Solís, Norma Contini
Published Online:
09 May 2014
Volume/Issue No:
Volume 49 Issue 4

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The abundance of scholarship on test development and use generally is higher in English‐speaking than in Iberian Latin American countries. The purpose of this article is to help overcome this imbalance by describing and identifying similarities and differences in test development and use in two Iberian (Portugal and Spain) and three of the largest Latin American (Argentina, Brazil, and Venezuela) countries. The stages of test development in each country, roles of professional associations, presence of standards for test use, professionals' educational training, commonly used tests, together with prominent challenges to continued progress are discussed. Test development and use in these five countries are transitioning from a dependence on the use of translated tests to greater reliance on adapted and finally nationally constructed tests. Continued growth requires adherence to international standards guiding test development and use. Stronger alliance among professional associations in the Iberian Latin American countries could serve as a catalyst to promote test development in these regions.

© 2014 International Union of Psychological Science