Agency, communion and entitlement

Magdalena A. Żemojtel‐Piotrowska, Jarosław P. Piotrowski, Amanda Clinton
Published Online:
16 Jan 2015
Volume/Issue No:
Volume 51 Issue 3

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In this study, the relationship between agency, communion, and the active, passive, and revenge forms of entitlement is examined. Results indicate that active entitlement was positively related to agency, negatively to communion (Study 1), and unrelated to unmitigated agency and communion (Study 2). Passive entitlement was positively related to communion (in regular and unmitigated forms) and negatively related to agency (in both forms). Revenge entitlement was positively related to agency (unmitigated and regular), and negatively related to both regular and unmitigated communal orientations. Detected relationships were independent from self‐esteem (Study 1). The findings are discussed in relation to distinctions between narcissistic and healthy entitlement, and within the context of the three‐dimensional model of entitlement.

© 2015 International Union of Psychological Science