Testing the Situationism Scale in Europe: Scale validation, self‐regulation and regional differences

Authors:
Megan E. Roberts, Lisa Wagner, Saša Zorjan, Enikö Nèmeth, Désie van Toor, Michał Czaplinski
Published Online:
03 Sep 2015
DOI:
10.1002/ijop.12211
Pages:
264–272
Volume/Issue No:
Volume 52 Issue 4

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Abstract

The term situationism refers to an individual's belief about the importance of a behaviour's context. This study tested whether the degree of situationism expressed by individuals in various regions of Europe was consistent with self‐regulation and cross‐cultural theories. The English version of a Situationism Scale (measuring beliefs about the relation between the environment and one's own behaviour) was translated into five additional languages: Dutch, German, Hungarian, Italian and Slovenian. Young adults (N = 1106, MAge = 22.9 years, 79% female) across Europe responded to one of the six language versions of the scale as part of a larger survey. Results indicated that: new language versions were psychometrically valid; there was a positive relation between situationism and the use of situation‐control strategies; and situationism was higher for individuals from regions that are Eastern European and relatively more interdependent, compared with individuals from regions that are Western European and relatively less interdependent. As the first evaluation of the Situationism Scale outside America, this study supports the Scale's validity and suggests not only may some effects of situationism be universal, but between‐ and within‐culture differences in situationism exist. Overall, when making judgments and decisions about the self, cultural background and individual differences in situationism may come into play.

© 2015 International Union of Psychological Science