The impact of psychological distance on integrative internal dialogs

Authors:
Małgorzata M. Puchalska‐Wasyl
Published Online:
10 Mar 2016
DOI:
10.1002/ijop.12266
Volume/Issue No:
Early View Articles

Additional Options

Negotiators more distanced from the negotiated goal more often exhibit integrative behavior, which maximizes both their individual and joint outcomes. Based on the assumption of an analogy between interpersonal negotiations and internal dialogs simulating social relationships, an experiment was carried out. It aimed to verify if psychological distance (proximal vs. distant perspective on the situation enacted in an internal dialog) affects the processes of integration and confrontation and, consequently, increases the frequency of integrative dialogs. Data from 115 participants (56 women) were analyzed. An increase in psychological distance was found to reduce the intensity of the confrontation process and to cause an increase in the number of integrative internal dialogs.

© 2016 International Union of Psychological Science