Out‐group threats and distress as antecedents of common in‐group identity among majority and minority group members in the aftermath of a natural disaster

Authors:
Loris Vezzali, Annalisa Versari, Alessia Cadamuro, Elena Trifiletti, Gian Antonio Di Bernardo
Published Online:
19 Dec 2016
DOI:
10.1002/ijop.12406
Volume/Issue No:
Early View Articles

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The aim of the present study was to examine the role of out‐group threats in fostering one‐group perceptions directly and indirectly via post‐traumatic stress symptoms in the aftermath of a natural disaster. We also tested whether these relationships differ depending on the ethnic group of belonging (majority vs. minority). Participants were 589 Italians and 122 immigrants from a region strongly affected by the earthquakes that struck Northern Italy in 2012. Results revealed that among Italians threat stemming from negative out‐group behaviour was associated positively with post‐traumatic stress symptoms and negatively with perceptions of being a common group with immigrant survivors. Among immigrants, threat posed by the out‐group for economic resources was positively associated with post‐traumatic stress symptoms and, indirectly, with higher one‐group perceptions.

© 2016 International Union of Psychological Science