Gender‐specific factors associated with the suicidal ideation of children in Taiwan: A large‐scale cross‐sectional study

Authors:
Hsiao‐Ling Huang, Wu‐Der Peng, Ying‐Chun Lin, Chien‐Hung Lee, Chih‐Yang Hu, Shun‐Te Huang
Published Online:
06 Jul 2017
DOI:
10.1002/ijop.12438
Volume/Issue No:
Early View Articles

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Abstract

We examined the relationship between suicidal ideation (SI) and the depressed mood, life stress and parenting styles in children. A large‐scale survey was conducted including 5328 children from 65 elementary schools in Taiwan. SI was measured by asking children if any suicidal thoughts had occurred in the previous month. A series of regression models was analysed separately for male and female students. Compared with boys, girls demonstrated a higher proportion of SI. Among boys, SI was significantly associated with a high level of perceived environmental stress (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] = 2.61), a high degree of depressed mood (aOR = 2.39), authoritative (aOR = 1.72) and authoritarian (aOR = 2.53) parenting styles and two or more life‐stress events (aOR = 1.45). A high level of perceived environmental stress (aOR = 2.09), a high degree of depressed mood (aOR = 2.89) and an authoritarian parenting style (aOR = 1.76) were significantly associated with the SI in girls. Gender‐specific interventions aimed at preventing SI must enhance support systems at school and at home, particularly for students who suffer from a high degree of stress and depressed mood, and are subjected to an authoritarian parenting style.

© 2017 International Union of Psychological Science