The importance of body satisfaction to physical self‐concept and body mass index in Spanish adolescents

Authors:
Pedro Antonio Sánchez‐Miguel, Juan José Pulido González, David Sánchez‐Oliva, Diana Amado Alonso, Francisco Miguel Leo
Published Online:
06 Apr 2018
DOI:
10.1002/ijop.12488
Volume/Issue No:
Early View Articles

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This research examines the association between measured body mass index (BMI) and the perception of BMI by young students. Moreover, this research tests the importance of BMI and self‐concept, in order to predict body dissatisfaction in high school students. The sample consisted of 2087 individuals from different high schools in Extremadura, Spain, both males (n = 1046) and females (n = 1041), ranging in age from 15 to 17 years old (M = 15.42; SD = 0.86). Initially, participants' BMIs were assessed through anthropometry. Later, all individuals were asked about their weight and height, and their self‐reported BMI was calculated. Participants also answered a questionnaire about their perception of self‐concept, as well as completed a test about body image perception using Stunkard images. Outcomes revealed that factors concerning self‐concept and perceived BMI explained body dissatisfaction. Finally, results are discussed with the aim of improving knowledge in body dissatisfaction context.

© 2018 International Union of Psychological Science