Maternal Child‐rearing Practices in Hong Kong and Beijing Chinese Families: A Comparative Study

Authors:
Alice Cheng Lai, Zhi‐Xue Zhang, Wen‐Zhong Wang
Published Online:
21 Sep 2010
DOI:
10.1080/002075900399529
Pages:
60–66
Volume/Issue No:
Volume 35 Issue 1

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The present study aimed to examine the child‐rearing practices in Chinese families in Beijing and Hong Kong. The sample consisted of 89 mothers in Beijing and 45 mothers in Hong Kong. The mothers were instructed to respond to the Child‐rearing Practice Report (CRPR) in Q‐sort format. Some of the item clusters were combined to produce the authoritarian and authoritative disciplinary styles. The results indicated that mothers in Hong Kong were more likely to adopt an authoritarian child‐rearing pattern than mothers in Beijing; however, the two groups did not differ in authoritative child‐rearing style. The results also showed that mothers in Hong Kong controlled their children more than their counterparts in Beijing, and they were less inclined to show affection towards their children; mothers in Beijing emphasized their children's achievement much more than their Hong Kong counterparts. The findings suggest that Chinese parental disciplinary styles may be quite different in various regions of Chinese societies. Such variance across different geopolitical locations within the same cultural background has been ignored in past cross‐cultural research.

Cette étude examine les pratiques éducatives dans des familles de Beijing et de Hong Kong. L'échantillon comprend 89 mères de Beijing et 45 mères de Hong Kong qui répondent au questionnaire intitulé Child‐rearing Practice Report (CRPR). Certains groupes d'items sont combinés pour distinguer les styles despotique et autoritaire de discipline éducative. Les résultats montrent que les mères de Hong Kong ont plus tendance à adopter un style despotique que les mères de Beijing mais les deux groupes ne diffèrent pas quant au style autoritaire. Ils montrent aussi que les mères de Hong Kong exercent un contrôle plus serré de leurs enfants et qu'elles sont moins portées à manifester de l'affection envers leurs enfants; les mères de Beijing mettent plus l'accent sur les réalisations de leurs enfants que les mères de Hong Kong. Il semble que les styles disciplinaires parentaux chinois soient très différents selon les régions. Cette variabilité dans différentes localités géopolitiques qui partagent une expérience culturelle similaire a été jusqu'ici ignorée par les études interculturelles.

© 2000 International Union of Psychological Science