THE EFFECTS OF NEED FOR ACHIEVEMENT AND NEED FOR INDEPENDENCE ON THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PERCEIVED JOB ATTRIBUTES AND MANAGERIAL SATISFACTION AND PERFORMANCE

Authors:
Christopher Orpen
Published Online:
27 Sep 2007
DOI:
10.1080/00207598508247733
Pages:
207–219
Volume/Issue No:
Volume 20 Issue 2

Additional Options

Work‐manifest needs for achievement and independence were examined as moderators of relations between perceptions of five job attributes (skill variety, task identity, task significance, autonomy and feed‐back) and job satisfaction and job performance among a sample of 346 middle‐managers. Need for achievement and need for independence were unrelated to the perceived job attributor and to both job satisfaction and job performance. However, most of the relations between the perceived job attributes and both job satisfaction and job performance were significantly higher among the managers high in need for achievement and need for independence than among those low in these needs. These results point to the importance of differentiating between managers high and low in these needs when redesigning jobs.

Les besoins d'accomplissement, exprimes dans le travail, et d'indépendance ont été examinés en tant que modérateurs des relations entre les perceptions des attributs des jobs (variété d'apitude, identité de la tâche, signification de la tâche, autonomie et feedback) et satisfaction de travail et performance de travail, parmi un échantillon de 346 managers moyens. Besoin d'accomplissement et besoin d'indépendance n'étaient pas liés à l'attributeur perçu de travail ni à la satisfaction, ni à la performance. Par contre, la plupart des relations entre les attributs perçus et d'une part la satisfaction et d'autre part la performance étaient significativement plus élevées parmi les managers à haut besoin d'accomplissement et d'indépendance que parmi ceux à bas besoins. Ces résultats montrent l'importance qu'il y a de différencier les managers à haut et à bas niveaux de besoins.

© 1985 International Union of Psychological Science