Psychological Ethics Codes: A Comparison of Twenty‐four Countries

Mark M. Leach, J. Judd Harbin
Published Online:
21 Sep 2010
Volume/Issue No:
Volume 32 Issue 3

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Codes of ethics from 19 countries, representing a total of 24 countries, were compared to the United States using the American Psychological Association's (APA) Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct. Canada's code of ethics was most similar to the US/APA code and China's the most dissimilar. Ten individual standards may be approaching universal agreement, while eight others were unique to the APA ethical code. The relationship of ethical codes to cultural values, and future research suggestions, are discussed.

© 1997 International Union of Psychological Science