A content analysis on children's story books: A psychological review
MENA Dubai 2003 Abstract
||Middle East/North Africa Regional Conference of Psychology (MENA RCP), 2003, Dubai
||Hamid Kamar Zarin
||This research aims at reviewing the structure of some major specifications in children's story books. It is also focusing on aggression from the psychological point of view. To obtain this goal some 2,500 books were collected among which 791 non-repeated topics and subject matters from Dezfoul city (situated in southern Iran with a population of 500,000). Upon studying the selected books the following variant parameters were picked out in order to analyze the contents of the books and to clarify them.
Statistics methods such as chi square and one-way ANOVA were used. The following hypothesis was reviewed and confirmed. A meaningful relationship was observed among age level and aggressive words of books, with a significance level of 0.005. A meaningful difference was observed between eight groups of the book topics and the aggressive words, with a significance level of 0.001. A meaningful relationship between the sex of the main character and age level of the book was found, with a significance level of 0.001.
- The books were classified according to the children's age groups from three to six years of age, from six to twelve years, and from twelve years on.
- Types of translation, translated or written.
- Predominant sex of the books (main characters gender) girl or boy, human or animal.
- Subject matter of the book; poetry, imaginary, animal, scientific, historical, social, moral, religious, fearful and other cases.
- Aggression words found in the books including concepts such as "death", "killing", "war", "inflicting injury", "attacking", "harming", "weapons".