School and individual factors on game addiction: A multilevel analysis

Authors:
Eunbi Chang, Boyoung Kim
Published Online:
26 Dec 2019
DOI:
10.1002/ijop.12645

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This study investigated the protective or risk factors of game addiction at individual and school‐level using multilevel modelling. Data from Korea Children and Youth Panel Survey was used for the analyses. The findings revealed that individual‐level variables, including gender, delinquency, family intimacy, stress, self‐esteem and self‐control, were significant predictors of game addiction. Furthermore, protective school climate contributed to decreasing the level of game addiction and risky school climates positively predicted game addiction. The effect of individual‐level variables on game addiction was different depending on the type or level of school‐level variables. Based on the findings, implications and suggestions for future studies were discussed.

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