The multidimensionality of suicide risk factors and criteria in a nonclinical population: Replication across two countries and two languages

Ronald R. Holden, Rui C. Campos, Ana Simões, Sara Costa, Ana Sofia Pio, Christine E. Lambert
Published Online:
03 Feb 2020

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Across two countries and two languages, this research examined the multidimensional associations between suicidality (e.g., past ideation/attempts, communication of intent) and empirically important psychological risk factors (e.g., mental pain, perceived burdensomeness, thwarted belongingness). For samples of 228 Canadian and 331 Portuguese university undergraduates, four dimensions emerged in each sample with two of these, intrapersonal and interpersonal, demonstrating strong replicability across countries and languages. It was concluded that suicidality is a phenomenon that demonstrates some multidimensional similarities across cultures.

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