How does perfectionism affect academic achievement? Examining the mediating role of accurate self‐assessment

Young‐Hoon Kim, Kenneth G. Rice, Joo Shim Kim, Cheongra Heo, Yonguk Park
Published Online:
27 Jan 2020

Additional Options

Perfectionism, a multidimensional disposition encompassing both positive and negative attributes, has been widely examined in a number of different fields, one of which is academics. However, results of research on the precise connection between perfectionism and academic success remain largely inconclusive. The present study, therefore, attempted to identify this underlying mechanism by examining the mediating role of accurate self‐assessment in the relationship between perfectionism and academic achievement of college students. The results revealed that while perfectionistic concerns and strivings did not directly affect academic achievement, their indirect effects were statistically significant. Perfectionistic concerns negatively predicted academic achievement through inaccurate self‐assessment, whereas perfectionistic strivings positively predicted academic achievement through accurate self‐assessment. These findings are expected to promote a practical and balanced understanding of academic perfectionism by explaining the relationship between the sub‐dimensions of perfectionism and academic achievement.

© International Union of Psychological Science