Stress and subjective life expectancy: Cross‐sectional and longitudinal associations in early adolescence

Authors:
Michael T. McKay, James R. Andretta, Noah R. Padgett, Jon C. Cole
Published Online:
27 Jan 2020
DOI:
10.1002/ijop.12660

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Using data from a longitudinal study, the present study employed a latent class mover‐stayer analytical strategy to examine both the cross‐sectional and longitudinal (+33 months) relationship between membership of stress classes, and subjective life expectancy. Participants were from 21 High schools in Scotland and Northern Ireland. Data were collected in the first year of High school (mean age = 12.5 years), and at +33 months (fourth year, or school year 11). Sample 1 consisted of 1171 adolescents (40.82% females, 2.56% unreported) in Northern Ireland. Sample 2 consisted of 1059 adolescents (52.79% females, 1.32% unreported) in Scotland. Adolescents with the lowest levels of stress projected the highest subjective life expectancy scores. Longitudinal analyses were jumbled and not in keeping with cross‐sectional results. More research may be needed on the trajectory of subjective life expectancy over time before it can be depended upon as a reliable outcome variable in adolescent development.

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