Seismic preparedness of families with children: Measures and dynamics

Authors:
Mariana Paim Pacheco, Sofia Morgado Pereira, Isabel Estrela Rego
Published Online:
29 Jun 2020
DOI:
10.1002/ijop.12694

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Earthquakes are unpredictable events, thus seismic preparedness of households should be fostered, considering the specific needs of each family. Children, for example, are particularly vulnerable to disasters and to the effects of their consequences, but can also act as promoters of preparedness within families. Being part of a wider research, this qualitative study intends to better understand seismic preparedness within families with children in S. Miguel, the largest and most populated island of the volcanic archipelago of the Azores. Two semi‐structured interviews were conducted. The first interview was conducted with 125 family representatives, addressing their current preparedness measures. From these representatives, 105 families that had non‐existent or insufficient preparedness were selected for a second interview. In the time between the two interviews, the families were instructed to develop seismic preparedness measures. The process of development of these measures was also assessed. Data were analysed using content analysis and frequency analysis. Results point to low levels of preparedness, both at the time of the initial interview and developed subsequently, and families adopted few preparedness measures specifically targeting their children's needs. The results highlight, therefore, that household seismic preparedness should be promoted, with clear indications regarding preparedness specifically for families with children.

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