Emotional competences and subjective well‐being: The mediating role of relationship satisfaction in young Spanish adults

Estefanía Mónaco, José‐Antonio Gil‐Gómez, Inmaculada Montoya‐Castilla
Published Online:
13 Jul 2021

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Establishing and maintaining relationships is one of the challenges facing young adults at the beginning of this stage in their lives. Emotional competences are related to relationship satisfaction and subjective well‐being. This paper aims to study the relationship between emotional competences and subjective well‐being in young adults, considering the mediating role of satisfaction with the partner. Two hundred and thirty‐three young Spanish people (60.1% women) between 18 and 35 years old (Mean = 22.93; SD = 3.72) participated in the study. All of them had a romantic partner. The Questionnaire of Emotional Skills and Competences (ESCQ‐21), the Scale of Evaluation of the Relationships (RAS), the Scale of Satisfaction with Life (SWLS) and the Scale of Positive and Negative Experiences (SPANE) were used to measure the variables. For analysis, the SPSS version 26 and Mplus version 7.0 were used. The results indicate a significant relationship between emotional competences, relationship satisfaction and subjective well‐being. The mediation model showed that satisfaction with the relationship plays a mediating role between the ability to regulate emotions and subjective well‐being. The importance of emotional education both inside and outside relationships is considered, in order to promote healthy and non‐violent relationships among young people.

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