Self‐dehumanisation in severe alcohol use disorder: Links with self‐stigma and environmental satisfaction

Authors:
Sullivan Fontesse, Florence Stinglhamber, Stéphanie Demoulin, Philippe Timary, Pierre Maurage
Published Online:
11 May 2021
DOI:
10.1002/ijop.12774

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Metadehumanisation (i.e., the perception of being considered as less than human by others) is proposed to be widespread in stigmatised populations, such as people with severe alcohol use disorder (SAUD). However, the relations between metadehumanisation, self‐dehumanisation (i.e., the self‐perception of being less than human), and stigmatisation (i.e., the negative taint applied to some groups) remain unexplored. The aim of this research is thus to investigate the relations between these processes. Metadehumanisation, self‐dehumanisation, self‐stigma (and its subdimensions) and environmental satisfaction were assessed in 120 inpatients with SAUD and analysed in a mediational model. Stigma awareness was positively associated with metadehumanisation, whereas environmental satisfaction was negatively associated with metadehumanisation. Stigma's application to the self was associated with increased self‐dehumanisation. Self‐stigma and self‐dehumanisation are closely intertwined phenomena. Self‐dehumanisation seems to follow a multi‐step process suggesting that some steps, such as dehumanisation awareness, are missing from current models of dehumanisation.

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