A STUDY OF SOCIAL IDENTITY IN THREE ETHNIC GROUPS IN INDIA

Authors:
A. Majeed, E.S.K. Ghosh
Published Online:
27 Sep 2007
DOI:
10.1080/00207598208247456
Pages:
455-463
Volume/Issue No:
Volume 17 Issue 1-4

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The present study examined social identity under three frames of reference, self, own group and outgroups, in three ethnic groups in India, High Caste Hindus, Muslims and Scheduled Castes. Fifty subjects for each group (with a total of 150 subjects) between the ages of 13 to 18 years were randomly selected from a rural district of Uttar Pradesh. Data were collected using a 24 adjective checklist and analyzed using ANOVA and t tests. The results indicated considerable similarity in social identity of High Caste and Muslim subjects. In both groups a strong sense of positive social identity was found. The Scheduled Caste, however, displayed a marked negative social identity in relation to the two other ethnic groups. The findings were examined in relation to existing intergoup relations theory and interplay of specific subcultural experiences.

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