Level of Performance and Distribution of Errors in the Progressive Matrices Test: A Comparison of Ethiopian Immigrant and Native Israeli Adolescents

Shlomo Kaniel, Shraga Fisherman
Published Online:
27 Sep 2007
Volume/Issue No:
Volume 26 Issue 1

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The performance of 250 Ethiopian Jews, ages 14–15, on the Progressive Matrices Standard (PMS) test, was compared to that of 1740 Israeli Jews, ages 9–15. The results showed that the Ethiopians' level of performance was similar to that of the young Israeli children's group (ages 9–10). Moreover, the distribution of errors found for the Ethiopian immigrant adolescents was not similar to that found for Israelis of the same age –‐ it resembled the distribution of errors found for Israeli 9‐ and 10‐year‐olds. It is suggested that the low performance of the Ethiopian immigrants reflects cognitive delay rather than cognitive difference.

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