Conceptions différenciées et non différenciées de la compétence et de l'effort en fonction de l'âge: conséquences sur les affects et sur les stratégies d'auto‐handicap

Edgar E. Thill
Published Online:
27 Sep 2007
Volume/Issue No:
Volume 28 Issue 6

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Ninety‐six subjects aged from 7 to 9 years and from 13 to 15 years worked on a text in two involvement conditions (Ego versus task). After they received competence or incompetence feedback, they were asked to infer their level of efforts, evaluate their affects (pride, embarrassment, and guilt), and rate the reasons why they applied little or great effort. The results confirmed that when ego‐involved, adolescents used a more differentiated conception of competence and effort, whereas a less differentiated conception was used in task‐evolving conditions. Reported affects reflected these conceptions. But ego‐involvement goals, which enhance threats to self‐esteem, conversely induced self‐protection or self‐enhancement strategies applied by individuals to themselves.

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