Attachement, solitude et détresse psychologique chez des jeunes adultes

Authors:
Valérie Lambert, Yvan Lussier, Stéphane Sabourin, John Wright
Published Online:
27 Sep 2007
DOI:
10.1080/00207599508246976
Pages:
109-131
Volume/Issue No:
Volume 30 Issue 1

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The aim of this study was to investigate the nature of relationships between attachment style, loneliness and psychological distress. The sample consisted of 407 college students (average age = 18 years) who completed two measures of attachment, the UCLA Loneliness Scale, and the Psychiatric Symptoms Index. Results revealed that individuals who reported a secure attachment style obtained lower scores of loneliness and psychological distress (depression, anxiety, aggressiveness, and cognitive problems) than the anxious/ambivalent subjects. They also reported less symptoms of depression than avoidant individuals. Subjects in the anxious/ambivalent style were more depressed, anxious, and aggressive compared to avoidant subjects. However, no significant difference appeared between anxious/ambivalent and avoidant subjects on cognitive problems and loneliness. Furthermore, anxious/ambivalent subjects described themselves as more depressive, anxious, and aggressive than avoidant subjects. Multiple regression analyses showed that loneliness played a moderator function in the relationship between insecure attachment index and cognitive problems, whereas it played a mediator function in the association between secure attachment, depression, and anxiety.

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